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H. Con. Res. 71, Establishing the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2018 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2019 through 2027

Floor Situation

On Wednesday, October 4, 2017, the House will begin consideration of H. Con. Res. 71, establishing the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2018 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2019 through 2027, under a structured rule. H. Con. Res. 71 was introduced on July 21, 2017 by Rep. Diane Black (R-TN) and was referred to the House Budget Committee, which ordered the measure reported on July 21, 2017 by a vote of 22-14.


Summary

H. Con. Res. 71 establishes the budget for fiscal year 2018 and the budget levels for fiscal years 2019-2027. Specifically, the resolution sets overall discretionary spending for Fiscal Year 2018 at $1.132 trillion, which includes $621.5 billion for defense discretionary spending and $511 billion in non-defense discretionary spending.  The budget achieves $6.5 trillion in total deficit reduction over 10 years, and produces a $9 billion surplus in Fiscal Year 2027.

The resolution also includes reconciliation instructions to the House Committees to achieve at least $203 billion in deficit reduction over the 2018-2027 period. Each committee is required to report legislation to their respective Budget Committee no later than October 6, 2017.

Additional information was provided by the House Budget Committee and can be found here.


Background

The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 sets forth the federal budget process, including the requirement that Congress produce a budget each year. Under the Congressional Budget Act, agreement in both chambers on a resolution triggers the budget reconciliation process.  The chief purpose of reconciliation is to enhance Congress’s ability to change current law in order to bring revenue and spending levels into conformity with targets established in the budget resolution.

Reconciliation is a two-stage process in which reconciliation instructions are included in the budget resolution.  These instructions direct appropriate committees to develop legislation achieving a certain budget outcome, which is then considered under expedited procedures in the House and Senate.[1]


Amendments

  1. Rep. Mark Pocan (D-WI) – This substitute amendment is offered by the Progressive Caucus
  2. Rep. Bobby Scott (D-VA) – This substitute amendment is offered by the Congressional Black Caucus
  3. Rep. Tom McClintock (R-CA) – This substitute amendment is offered by the Republican Study Committee
  4. Rep. John Yarmuth (D-KY) – This substitute amendment is offered by the Democratic Caucus

Cost

There is no Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimate associated with the budget resolution.


Staff Contact

For questions or further information please contact Jake Vreeburg with the House Republican Policy Committee by email or at 2-1374.


[1] See CRS Report, The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action, February 23, 2016 at 2.

115th Congress